It was 1895, and the company of St. Louis printing manufacturer George D. Barnard was focused on telegraph wires, specifically how individuals might tap them to “listen in” on Morse-code messages between police U.S. police departments. Continue reading Barnard, “Arbitrable Nathan,” and the 1895 Police Cipher
The citizens of Frederick, Maryland, had much to question and fear in the early weeks of April 1861. Seven states had seceded from the Union, while fiery debates raged in communities across the nation. Continue reading Mid-Maryland Magnified: “Look up at that Flag, with its Thirty-four Stars!”
Word of the conflict raced northward, speeding along telegraph wires and door-to-door gossip. Within hours, it reached the stoops and spires of Frederick, Maryland, a city of roughly 8,000 residents. There, the citizens soon had their own thoughts to offer. Continue reading Mid-Maryland Magnified: Fort Sumter & “War, War, War!”
Of course, there was also the usual electoral mudslinging: “But what is Mr. Breckinridge? Is he a Jesuit?” Continue reading Mid-Maryland Magnified: Frederick and the Heated 1860 Election
As Confederate General Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia marched into Maryland in September 1862, they faced a daunting problem: roughly 14,000 Federal troops were stationed in Martinsburg and Harpers Ferry, Virginia, towns through which Lee hoped to run his supply and communication lines. Continue reading A Key to the 1862 Maryland Campaign
On my recent visit to Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, West Virginia, some rangers and volunteers graciously agreed to answer some questions about the park and the Find Your Park Campaign. Continue reading Harpers Ferry NHS: Plan Your Visit!